About Kaudulla

At 197 kilometers (122 miles) from Colombo, Kaudulla National Park is Sri Lanka’s largest national park. A national park was established on the island on April 1, 2002, making it the island’s 15th national park. During the 2004–2005 season, the National Park attracted more than 10,000 visitors, bringing in Rs.100,000 in revenue. With Minneriya and Girithale, Kaudulla has been declared an Important Bird Area by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. In 1959, it was rebuilt after a period of abandonment. In addition to large mammals, fish, and reptiles, it now attracts and supports a variety of plant and animal life.

Important Facts

Location: North Central province | Sri Lanka
Nearest City: Polonnaruwa
Nearest Airport: Bandaranayake Airport | Sri Lanka
Coordinates:8°09′40″N 80°54′18″E
Area: 6,900 ha
Established: April 01, 2002
Governing Body: Department of Wildlife Conservation
Country: Sri Lanka | Asia
Status: Open
Most Popular: Birds | Wildlife

Where is Kaudulla?

Route to Kaudulla from Katunayake
Route to Kaudulla from Katunayake

Physical Features

A total of 1,500–2,000 millimeters (59–79 inches) of rainfall on the region each year, including rain from the northeast monsoon. From April to October, there is a dry season. 20.6 °C (69.1 °F) to 34.5 °C (95.9 °F) is the temperature range During the rainy season, a large number of herbivorous mammals flock to the park because of the abundance of food and water available.

Kaudulla National Park is Sri Lanka’s largest national park. A national park was established on the island on April 1, 2002. Kaudulla has been declared an Important Bird Area by the IUCN for Conservation of Nature. Chena and grassland fields surround the tank area. 

Flora

The park’s vegetation reflects the dry evergreen forests of Sri Lanka. Chena and grassland fields surround the tank area. Microcystis spp. and Melosira spp. are among the phytoplankton found in the Kaudulla tank’s phytoplankton community. In the forest surrounding the tank, Manilkara hexandra, Chloroxylon swietenia, and Vitex altissima dominate. Other plants, including grasses like Imperata cylindrica and Panicum maximum, can be found in abundance.

Fauna

24 species of mammals, 25 reptiles, 26 fish, and 160 birds are recorded in the park’s faunal species list. This is where the elephants of Sri Lanka come to drink and eat during the dry season. When the elephants migrate to the Kaudulla tank around September, they are looking for more water and food. Although the conflict between humans and elephants has worsened, the number of elephants in the dry zone has increased, and as recently as 2008, 211 elephants were counted in Kaudulla.

Besides the sambar deer and axis deer, the park also has wild boar, chevrotain, and sloth bears, as well as Sri Lankan leopards and leopards. It is also one of the locations where the gray slender loris is said to be found in Sri Lanka, Kaudulla National Park. An albino baby Sri Lankan axis deer was found abandoned by her mother in the Kaudulla national park, which is believed to be the only national park in Sri Lanka where albino axis deer exist.

The Kaudulla tank attracts large water birds like the spot-billed pelican and the lesser adjutant. Oreochromis mossambicus is one of the fish species in the tank. An amphibian that is unique to Sri Lanka, Fejervarya pulla, can be found in the National Park. The Indian flap-shelled turtle and the Indian black turtle are two of the most notable freshwater turtles.

Conservation

Invasive, alien species like Lantana camara are threatening the park’s wildlife, according to reports. When the Kaudulla-Minneriya jungle corridor was established in 2004, it was designated as a Wildlife Sanctuary.

 “When the elephants migrate to the Kaudulla tank around September, they are looking for more water and food. This is where the elephants of Sri Lanka come to drink and eat during the dry season. The park also has wild boar, chevrotain, and sloth bears. It is one of the locations where the gray slender loris is said to be found. An amphibian that is unique to Sri Lanka, Fejervarya pulla, can be found in the National Park.”

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