Location: Southern Province, Sri Lanka
Nearest City: Hambantota
Nearest Airport: Bandaranayake Airport | Sri Lanka
Governing Body: Department of Wildlife Conservation
Country: Sri Lanka
There are a number of legends associated with the area. According to local legend, the location is a sacred/forbidden ground for conducting general business. One popular belief is that Ussangoda is the home of the local demi-god “Mangara,” who is said to reside there. Another set of beliefs ranges from religiously-based origins to an unwritten/alternate history of Ravana that is related to the character. According to Hindu Puranas, Ussangoda was one of the landing strips used by Ravana’s Pushpaka vimana during his invasion of the world.
As a result of the soil structure, flora, and geography of Ussangoda, the area has become well-known. There are numerous folk tales associated with this location, each of which offers a unique perspective on the land. The general consensus is that it is a piece of a meteor or is in close proximity to a meteor strike. Among the primary reasons for this belief is the soil’s brick-like hardness combined with a reddish color that is unique to this particular patch of land. Some rocks and soil layers contain what some believe to be remnants of a period of extreme heat, according to some theories (that can be caused by an event such as a meteor hit). It is also suspected that the soil contains a high concentration of minerals and metals, which contributes to its distinctive color. Multiple layers of rocks and soil can be seen clearly in several locations, particularly near the sea and in coastal areas, with multiple layers usually having distinct colorization. However, it is unclear whether or not any of these hypotheses have been tested in a formal scientific study of any kind. It should also be noted that Ussangoda is geographically closer to another archaeological site, “Miniha Gal Kanda,” where evidence of pre-historic human existence has been discovered than it is to other archaeological sites. The rock debris contains a high concentration of iron. They are drawn to magnets.
Multiple layers of rock and soil at Ussangoda offer a unique perspective on the land. The general consensus is that it is a piece of a meteor or is in close proximity to a meteor strike. It is also suspected that the soil contains a high concentration of minerals and metals, which contributes to its distinctive color. Multiple layers of rocks and soil can be seen clearly in several locations, particularly near the sea and coastal areas, with multiple layers usually having distinct colorization.
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