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Ussangoda National Park – Sri Lanka

by | Dec 16, 2021 | National Parks | 10 comments

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You May Need to Know


Southern Province

Nearest City



6°06′00″N 80°59′22″E


1.35 Square Miles



Most Popular

Governing Body



Sri Lanka

Nearest Airport

Bandaranaike International Airport

History of Ussangoda National Park

There are a number of legends associated with Ussangoda National Park. According to local legend, the location is a sacred/forbidden ground for conducting general business.

One popular belief is that Ussangoda is the home of the local demi-god “Mangara,” who is said to reside there. Another set of beliefs ranges from religiously based origins to an unwritten/alternate history of Ravana that is related to the character.

According to Hindu Puranas, Ussangoda was one of the landing strips used by Ravana’s Pushpaka vimana during his invasion of the world.

Features of Ussangoda National Park

As a result of the soil structure, flora, and geography of Ussangoda, the area has become well-known. There are numerous folk tales associated with this location, each of which offers a unique perspective on the land.

The general consensus is that it is a piece of a meteor or is in close proximity to a meteor strike. Among the primary reasons for this belief is the soil’s brick-like hardness combined with a reddish color that is unique to this particular patch of land.

Some rocks and soil layers contain what some believe to be remnants of a period of extreme heat, according to some theories (that can be caused by an event such as a meteor hit). It is also suspected that the soil contains a high concentration of minerals and metals, which contributes to its distinctive color.

Multiple layers of rocks and soil can be seen clearly in several locations, particularly near the sea and in coastal areas, with multiple layers usually having distinct colorization.

However, it is unclear whether or not any of these hypotheses have been tested in a formal scientific study of any kind. It should also be noted that Ussangoda is geographically closer to another archaeological site, “Miniha Gal Kanda,” where evidence of pre-historic human existence has been discovered than it is to other archaeological sites.

The rock debris contains a high concentration of iron. They are drawn to magnets.

Multiple layers of rock and soil at Ussangoda offer a unique perspective on the land. The general consensus is that it is a piece of a meteor or is in close proximity to a meteor strike. It is also suspected that the soil contains a high concentration of minerals and metals, which contributes to its distinctive color. Multiple layers of rocks and soil can be seen clearly in several locations, particularly near the sea and coastal areas, with multiple layers usually having distinct colorization.

Summary of Ussangoda National Park

Ussangoda National Park is a protected area located in the southernmost part of Sri Lanka, in the Hambantota district. The park covers an area of approximately 60 hectares and is known for its unique geological features and biodiversity.

The park is situated on a rocky plateau with red soil that contrasts with the surrounding greenery. The area is believed to have been formed by a meteorite impact and is considered a geological wonder. The red soil is also believed to have medicinal properties and is used by locals to treat various ailments.

Ussangoda National Park is home to a variety of plant and animal species, including several endemic species. The park is particularly known for its birdlife, with over 20 species of birds recorded, including the Sri Lanka Junglefowl, which is the national bird of Sri Lanka.

The park is open to visitors and offers hiking trails, viewpoints, and picnic areas. The park also has a visitor center that provides information about the park’s history, geology, and wildlife.

Despite its small size, Ussangoda National Park is an important protected area in Sri Lanka, providing a habitat for a variety of plant and animal species and preserving a unique geological feature.


In conclusion, Ussangoda National Park in Sri Lanka is a hidden gem that offers visitors a unique and unforgettable experience. With its otherworldly landscapes, rare geological formations, and rich history, this park is a must-visit destination for nature and history enthusiasts alike.

At Ceylon Wild Tours, we are dedicated to helping visitors experience the very best of Sri Lanka’s natural beauty and wildlife, and Ussangoda National Park is certainly no exception. Our expert guides are passionate about sharing their knowledge and expertise, and ensuring that every visitor has a truly unforgettable experience.

Whether you’re interested in exploring the park’s unique rock formations, learning about its ancient legends and folklore, or simply taking in the stunning natural beauty of the area, Ussangoda National Park has something to offer everyone.

So why not plan your visit to Ussangoda National Park today and discover the wonders of this breathtaking destination? With Ceylon Wild Tours, you can rest assured that you’ll have a trip of a lifetime, filled with unforgettable memories and experiences that will last a lifetime.


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