About Black-capped Bulbul

The Black-capped Bulbul (Rubigula melanicterus), also known as the Black-headed Yellow Bulbul, is a passerine bird in the bulbul family. It is only found in Sri Lanka.
The Black-capped Bulbul was first described in the genus Muscicapa before being transferred to Pycnonotus. Recent molecular phylogenetic studies discovered Pycnonotus to be polyphyletic, and five bulbul species, including the Black-capped Bulbul, were moved to Rubigula. The Black-capped Bulbul was previously thought to be conspecific with the Black-crested, Ruby-throated, Flame-throated, and Bornean Bulbuls. According to some authorities, the Ruby-throated, Flame-throated, and Bornean Bulbuls are subspecies of the Black-capped Bulbul.

Where are They Live?

Black-Capped Bulbul_Location Map | Sri Lanka
Black-Capped Bulbul_Location Map | Sri Lanka

Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Piciformes
Family: Megalaimidae
Genus: Psilopogon
Species: P. Rubricapillus
Binomial Name: Psilopogon Rubricapillus

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The black-capped bulbul has a crestless head, a yellow throat, and brownish eyes. It’s yellowish-green on top and yellow on the bottom. The tail is brownish in color and has a white tip. Males have red irides, while females have brown irides. Calls include a wide range of sweet, mellow, minor-key piping whistles as well as sharper calls. From March to September, breeding records are kept.

Distribution and Habitat

This is a forest and dense scrub bird. It makes its nest in a bush and lays two to four eggs in a typical clutch. The black-capped bulbul consumes fruit and insects. It can be found in forests, wooded areas, and gardens. They are usually found in pairs. Peak Wildness Sanctuary – Kandy and  Sinharaja Forest Reserve is the best places to see them live.

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