About Fishing Cat

Not to be confused with the fisher (animal), a mustelid that is occasionally referred to as a “fishing cat,” nor with the Van cat, a landrace of domestic cat that is frequently referred to as the “swimming cat.”

South and Southeast Asia are home to the fishing cat, which is a medium-sized wild cat with a distinctive striped tail. Since 2016, it has been designated as Vulnerable on the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List. Fishing cat populations are threatened by the degradation of wetlands, and their numbers have plummeted dramatically over the last decade as a result. The fishing cat is most commonly found in the area of wetlands, along rivers and streams, in oxbow lakes, in swamps, and in mangroves, among other places.
The fishing cat is the state animal of West Bengal, and it can also be found in Sri Lanka, according to National Geographic.

Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Feliformia
Family: Felidae
Subfamily: Felinae
Genus: Prionailurus
Species: P. Viverrinus
Binomial Name: Prionailurus Viverrinus
Source: en.wikipedia.org

Taxonomy

Edward Turner Bennett, who reported a fishing cat skin from India in 1833, recommended the name Felis Viverrinus for the species. Species of spotted wild cats native to Asia were given the genus name Prionailurus in 1858 by Russian zoologist Nikolai Severtzov. A new species of the fishing cat was proposed in 1936 by Henri Jacob Victor Sody, who described a specimen from the north coast of West Java with a somewhat shorter skull than fishing cat specimens from Thailand. The species is now known as Felis viverrinus rhizophoreus.

Phylogeny

According to a phylogenetic examination of nuclear DNA in tissue samples from all Felidae species, the evolutionary radiation of the Felidae began in Asia during the Miocene epoch between 14.45 and 8.38 million years ago and ended there approximately 8.38 million years ago. The mitochondrial DNA of all Felidae species has been analyzed, and it has been determined that radiation occurred approximately 16.76 to 6.46 million years ago.

Prionailurus species are thought to have shared a common ancestor between 8.16 and 4.53 million years ago and between 8.76 and 0.73 million years ago, according to current estimates. Neither model disputes that the rusty-spotted cat (Prionailurus rubiginosus) was the first cat of the Prionailurus lineage to undergo genetic divergence, which was followed by the flat-headed cat (Prionailurus planiceps) and subsequently the fishing cat. This species, together with the leopard cat (P. bengalensis), is thought to have diverged between 4.31 and 1.74 million years ago and 4.25 and 0.02 million years ago, respectively. The evolutionary relationships of the fishing cat, as determined by a nuclear DNA study, are depicted in the cladogram below.

Characteristics of Fishing Cat

There are black lines and dots on the fishing cat’s fur, which is a rich yellowish-grey coloration. Stripes are drawn on the cheekbones, and two more are drawn over the eyes and down to the neck, with broken lines drawn on the forehead. There are two rows of dots around the throat of this creature. When viewed from above, the shoulder spots are long and narrow; those on the sides, limbs, and tail are more roundish in shape. Individuals differ in the color of their background fur, which ranges from yellowish tawny to ashy grey, as well as the size of their stripes, which range from thin to large. The fur on the belly is lighter in color than the fur on the back and sides of the animal. The ears are short and rounded, and they are situated low on the head. The back of the ears has a white patch on them. In comparison to the head and body, the tail is short, measuring less than half the length of the body, and it has a few black rings at the end. The fur is layered to accommodate the aquatic environment. A small, thick layer serves as a water barrier and thermal insulation, while the second layer of protruding long guard hairs offers the pattern and glossy sheen to the hairstyle overall.

The fishing cat is the largest of the Prionailurus’s cats, and it is also the most aggressive. It has medium to short legs and is about twice the size of a domestic cat. It is stocky and muscular, with stocky and muscular legs. From the top of its head to the bottom of its body, it measures 57 to 78 cm (22 to 31 in) in length, with a tail that measures 20 to 30 cm (7.9 to 11.8 in). Female fishing cats range in weight from 5.1 to 6.8 kg (11 to 15 lb), whereas male fishing cats range in weight from 8.5 to 16 kg (19 to 35 lb), indicating a significant difference in size between the sexes for a cat of this size. Its skull is elongated, with a basal length of 123–153 mm (4.8–6.0 in) and a post-orbital width of 27–31 mm (1.1–1.2 in), and it has a post-orbital width of 27–31 mm (1.1–1.2 in).

Although it has fewer webbed paws than the leopard cat, its claws are not totally sheathed, allowing them to protrude somewhat when the claws are retracted, as is the case with the leopard cat. Although webbed feet have been recognized as a trait of the fishing cat, the webbing beneath the toes is not significantly more developed than that of a bobcat, which is a common misconception.

A fishing cat’s fur is a rich yellowish-grey coloration. Stripes are drawn on the cheekbones, and two more are drawn over the eyes and down to the neck. The ears are short and rounded, and they are situated low on the head. The fishing cat is the largest of the Prionailurus’s cats. It has medium to short legs and is about twice the size of a domestic cat. Although webbed feet have been recognized as a trait, the webbing beneath the toes is not significantly more developed than that of a bobcat.

Distribution and Habitat

The fishing cat is found throughout South and Southeast Asia, though its distribution is inconsistent. It is strongly connected with wetlands, occupying swamps and marshy areas near oxbow lakes, reed beds, tidal creeks, and mangrove forests; however, it appears to be less common around smaller, faster-moving watercourses, such as rivers and streams. The majority of the records come from lowland areas.

It was discovered in the Chotiari Dam area of Pakistan’s Sindh Province in 2012 that the fishing cat was present.

It has been observed in Shuklaphanta, Bardia, Chitwan, and Parsa National Parks, as well as the Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, all of which are located in the Nepal Terai.

Its presence in India has been documented in the following places:

There are tigers in Ranthambore National Park, the Dudhwa and Valmiki Tiger Reserves, the Sur Sarovar Bird Sanctuary, and other areas outside protected areas in West Bengal, the Lothian Island Wildlife Sanctuary in the Sundarbans, the Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary in Odisha, and coastal districts outside protected areas in Andhra Pradesh, and the Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary, Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary, and adjacent reserve forests in Andhra Pradesh.

According to reports in Bangladeshi publications, fishing cats can be found in all divisions of the country, but they are in grave danger. Between January 2010 and March 2013, people killed at least 30 fishing cats, according to reports. It has been observed in a number of locations in Sri Lanka, ranging from coastal to hilly terrain.

In Myanmar, it was discovered in the Ayeyarwady Delta in 2016 and 2018, and it is expected to return in 2019.

Thai authorities have confirmed the presence of the animal in several locations, including Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park and Thale Noi Non-Hunting Area near the coast, and Kaeng Krachan National Park. Aside from Phitsanulok Province, it was also discovered near wetlands outside protected areas in Bang Khun Thian District, Samut Sakhon Province, Phetchaburi, and Songkhla Provinces, and near a mangrove location in Pattani between 2007 and 2016.

In March 2003, a single fishing cat was captured on film by a camera trap in Cambodia’s Kulen Promtep Wildlife Sanctuary, which was used to photograph it. A fishing cat kitten was discovered in Botum-Sakor National Park in 2008, according to local reports. Additionally, it was discovered at the Peam Krasop Wildlife Sanctuary in 2015.

However, by the 1990s, fishing cats had become scarce and appeared to be restricted to tidal forests with sandy or muddy beaches, older mangrove stands, and abandoned mangrove plantation areas with fishponds, which were all on the island of Java. Peninsular Malaysia, Vietnam, and Laos do not have any confirmed cases of the disease.

The fishing cat is strongly connected with wetlands, occupying swamps and marshy areas near oxbow lakes, reed beds, tidal creeks, and mangrove forests. It appears to be less common around smaller, faster-moving watercourses, such as rivers and streams. It is expected to return to Myanmar in 2018, and Thailand in 2019. Peninsular Malaysia, Vietnam, and Laos do not have any confirmed cases of invasive feline.

Behaviour and Ecology

The fishing cat is known to be predominantly nocturnal in nature, and it prefers to stay near bodies of water. It has the ability to swim for vast distances, even underwater. Adult males and females who do not have a dependent young live in a solitary environment. Females have been observed to roam over ranges ranging from 4 to 6 km2 (1.5 to 2.3 sq mi), whilst males have been known to range over areas ranging from 16 to 22 km2 (6.2 to 8.5 sq mi). People have reported hearing adults chuckling at various times.

Its primary food is fish, which accounts for nearly three-quarters of its diet, according to scat samples taken in India’s Keoladeo National Park. The remaining quarter of its diet is composed of birds, insects, and small rodents, according to the same study. Mollusks, reptiles, including snakes, amphibians, and carrion from domestic cattle are used to complement the diet of this species. [39] While hunting along the borders of watercourses, fishing cats have been spotted taking prey from the water and occasionally diving into the water to catch prey that is further away from the banks.

It leaves smell traces on its home range by touching the cheeks, rubbing the head, rubbing the chin, rubbing the neck, and wiping the neck with urine. It also sharpens its claws and flashes its flehmen when threatened.

Reproduction and Development

Wild fishing cats are most likely to mate during the months of January and February, and the majority of kittens have been spotted in the wild during the months of March and April. In captivity, the gestation cycle lasts 63–70 days, during which time the females give birth to two or three kittens every litter. The average weight of a newborn is approximately 170 g (6.0 oz), and they are able to move around on their own by the age of one month. Their first experiences with water and solid food occur about two months of age, but they are not completely weaned until they are six months old. Adult stature is reached by roughly eight and a half months of age, and the canine teeth of the adult stage are acquired by 11 months of age. Sexual maturity is reached by approximately 15 months of age. In captivity, they can live for up to ten years.

Threats

A major concern to the fisher cat is the degradation of wetlands, which are progressively being contaminated and converted for agricultural use and human settlements.. Human-animal conflict in Andhra Pradesh is exacerbated by the conversion of mangrove forests into commercial aquaculture ponds, which is also exacerbated by the purposeful slaughter of fishing cats in areas where there is human-animal conflict. In addition, over-exploitation of local fish stocks, as well as retaliatory killing, pose serious concerns. Between April 2010 and May 2011, a total of 27 dead fishing cats were discovered in the Howrah district of West Bengal. In Bangladesh, between January 2010 and March 2013, at least 30 fishing cats were killed by locals over a three-year period, according to official figures. Another finding was that of all the fishing cats that were monitored using radio collars in Thailand, 84 percent of them were murdered, either as a result of poaching or for unknown reasons.

Conservation

Prionailurus viverrinus is listed on Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) and is protected by national legislation throughout much of its habitat. Hunters are barred from entering the following countries: Bangladesh; Cambodia; China; India; Indonesia; Myanmar; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka; and Thailand. Hunting rules are in effect in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic. Aside from protected areas in Bhutan and Vietnam, the species is not protected outside of those locations. Its survival is dependent on the preservation of wetlands, the prevention of indiscriminate trapping, snaring, and poisoning, as well as other factors.

Environmental non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are working with local communities in regions where habitat degradation is a major problem, such as coastal Andhra Pradesh, to decrease the rate of habitat conversion. This approach includes the development of alternative livelihood initiatives that enable villages to earn money while minimizing the impact on natural environments.

In captivity

European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA) and the American Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AAZA) have launched captive breeding programs for fishing cats, which are now in their second generation. The International Studbook of the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums contains a comprehensive listing of all of the fishing cats that are housed in zoos across the world.

Local Names

In Assamese, the fishing cat is known as meseka , probabl derived from mas meaning “fish”.

In Bengali, the fishing cat is known as “mach-baghrol” and “bagh-dasha”. “Mācha” means “fish”, and “bāgha” means “tiger”.

In Hindi, it is known as “bunbiral” and “khupya bagh”.

In Telugu, it is called “bavuru pilli” meaning “wild cat”.

In Sinhala, the fishing cat is known as “handun diviya”.

In Thai, it is called “suea pla”, literally “fish tiger”.

In Myanmar language, it is called “Kyaung-ta-nga” “Kyaung” means “cat” and “ta-nga” means “fisherman”

Comments

  • Hairstyles Women
    Reply

    Thanks for your publication.

  • off white t shirt
    Reply

    off white t shirt

    I discovered your blog web site on google and test just a few of your early posts. Continue to keep up the very good operate. I simply extra up your RSS feed to my MSN News Reader. Searching for forward to reading extra from you afterward!?

  • goyard tote bag
    Reply

    goyard tote bag

    This actually answered my downside, thank you!

  • supreme clothing
    Reply

    supreme clothing

    Good day! I just want to give a huge thumbs up for the good info you’ve right here on this post. I can be coming back to your weblog for extra soon.

  • curry shoes
    Reply

    curry shoes

    You must take part in a contest for the most effective blogs on the web. I will recommend this web site!

  • yeezy
    Reply

    yeezy

    Your home is valueble for me. Thanks!?

  • yeezy 700
    Reply

    yeezy 700

    Youre so cool! I dont suppose Ive read anything like this before. So nice to search out anyone with some authentic ideas on this subject. realy thanks for starting this up. this website is something that is needed on the net, somebody with slightly originality. useful job for bringing something new to the internet!

  • off white outlet
    Reply

    off white outlet

    I discovered your blog website on google and verify a couple of of your early posts. Continue to maintain up the excellent operate. I just additional up your RSS feed to my MSN News Reader. In search of ahead to reading more from you afterward!?

  • a bathing ape
    Reply

    a bathing ape

    I’m commenting to make you understand what a wonderful encounter my cousin’s princess obtained browsing the blog. She came to find numerous details, which included what it is like to possess an awesome helping spirit to let other people clearly fully grasp specific hard to do topics. You undoubtedly did more than our own expectations. Thanks for supplying those precious, dependable, edifying not to mention unique guidance on your topic to Mary.

  • yeezy boost
    Reply

    yeezy boost

    I’m also writing to let you be aware of of the notable experience my cousin’s princess found viewing your site. She mastered plenty of issues, not to mention what it’s like to have an awesome teaching mindset to have folks clearly know precisely various problematic matters. You really did more than our desires. I appreciate you for showing those useful, trusted, informative and in addition cool tips about this topic to Kate.

  • palm angels outlet
    Reply

    palm angels outlet

    I enjoy you because of your whole work on this web page. Gloria take interest in getting into research and it’s obvious why. Almost all hear all about the lively means you create practical tips and tricks by means of the web blog and in addition strongly encourage participation from visitors on this matter then our own child is now discovering so much. Take pleasure in the rest of the year. Your doing a good job.

  • kobe shoes
    Reply

    kobe shoes

    Thank you for all of your labor on this web page. Betty really likes participating in internet research and it’s easy to see why. All of us hear all relating to the powerful tactic you render good information via your website and therefore boost response from the others on the theme and our child is undoubtedly studying a lot. Have fun with the rest of the new year. You have been conducting a great job.

  • retro jordans
    Reply

    retro jordans

    I simply had to appreciate you yet again. I do not know what I would’ve used without the actual pointers provided by you on my area. It was before an absolute frustrating concern for me, however , spending time with a new well-written avenue you handled that took me to cry with contentment. I’m happier for your guidance and in addition hope you are aware of a great job you are always putting in teaching people thru your webpage. Most probably you have never got to know all of us.

  • golden goose
    Reply

    golden goose

    My husband and i have been now more than happy that Ervin could complete his research using the precious recommendations he grabbed in your site. It is now and again perplexing to just always be giving away methods which often some other people could have been making money from. And we take into account we’ve got you to thank for this. Most of the explanations you’ve made, the easy site menu, the relationships you will give support to promote – it is all amazing, and it is facilitating our son in addition to us feel that the content is pleasurable, and that’s exceptionally vital. Thanks for all the pieces!

  • birkin bag
    Reply

    birkin bag

    I intended to post you a very small note to help say thanks once again on your remarkable pointers you’ve documented at this time. This is simply unbelievably open-handed with you to offer publicly all a lot of folks could have marketed for an e book to get some bucks for their own end, primarily considering that you might have tried it if you ever wanted. The pointers as well worked like the great way to know that other people online have similar passion really like my personal own to figure out many more in terms of this condition. I believe there are lots of more fun situations ahead for individuals who read your blog post.

  • goyard
    Reply

    goyard

    Needed to send you one bit of observation in order to say thank you as before for those great information you have featured on this website. This has been so tremendously open-handed with people like you to give freely all that a number of us would’ve made available as an ebook to earn some money on their own, certainly considering the fact that you might well have done it if you ever considered necessary. The guidelines as well acted to become a easy way to recognize that most people have a similar interest similar to my very own to realize much more on the topic of this matter. I am sure there are thousands of more fun instances in the future for folks who looked at your blog.

  • off white outlet
    Reply

    off white outlet

    My wife and i have been really cheerful when Louis managed to complete his research using the precious recommendations he came across through your site. It’s not at all simplistic just to happen to be offering tricks which often some other people might have been trying to sell. We really take into account we have you to thank because of that. The specific explanations you made, the easy blog navigation, the relationships you give support to foster – it’s many fantastic, and it’s really making our son and the family imagine that that matter is thrilling, and that is quite fundamental. Thank you for all the pieces!

  • bape outlet
    Reply

    bape outlet

    I wish to show some appreciation to this writer just for rescuing me from such a condition. As a result of browsing through the world-wide-web and obtaining basics that were not powerful, I figured my entire life was over. Living without the presence of strategies to the issues you’ve sorted out all through your main guideline is a critical case, as well as ones that could have adversely damaged my career if I hadn’t discovered your website. Your good ability and kindness in handling every part was vital. I don’t know what I would’ve done if I hadn’t come upon such a stuff like this. I am able to at this time relish my future. Thanks so much for this reliable and results-oriented guide. I won’t think twice to endorse your site to anybody who requires guide on this matter.

  • supreme shirt
    Reply

    supreme shirt

    Thanks so much for giving everyone such a brilliant possiblity to check tips from this blog. It is often so great plus stuffed with fun for me personally and my office colleagues to search your website more than three times in a week to see the latest guides you have. And indeed, I’m just certainly motivated considering the spectacular information you serve. Certain two tips in this article are absolutely the most suitable I’ve had.

  • supreme clothing
    Reply

    supreme clothing

    Thanks a lot for providing individuals with a very spectacular possiblity to check tips from here. It really is very awesome and also jam-packed with fun for me personally and my office mates to visit the blog the equivalent of three times in one week to study the new items you will have. Of course, I’m at all times impressed with the striking tips and hints served by you. Certain 2 tips on this page are indeed the finest we’ve had.

  • kobe shoes
    Reply

    kobe shoes

    I simply wished to appreciate you all over again. I am not sure the things I would’ve implemented in the absence of the type of pointers provided by you relating to this area. This has been the intimidating circumstance for me, nevertheless considering the specialised form you solved that forced me to leap for contentment. I’m thankful for the help and as well , expect you really know what a great job your are accomplishing teaching some other people by way of your websites. Probably you have never met any of us.

  • golden goose
    Reply

    golden goose

    I precisely wished to say thanks all over again. I am not sure what I would have worked on without those pointers shown by you relating to this concern. This was a alarming dilemma for me, however , finding out a new specialised manner you handled that made me to leap with gladness. I’m just happy for this support and believe you really know what a powerful job you happen to be doing instructing the rest using a blog. Most probably you have never got to know any of us.

  • equidia life en direct
    Reply

    Some really excellent info, Sword lily I detected this.

  • bape hoodie
    Reply

    bape hoodie

    I would like to express thanks to you for bailing me out of this particular crisis. Because of searching through the search engines and obtaining views which are not powerful, I figured my life was over. Being alive minus the approaches to the problems you’ve solved by means of your entire article content is a serious case, and those that might have in a negative way affected my career if I had not encountered your web page. Your actual natural talent and kindness in playing with every item was very helpful. I don’t know what I would’ve done if I had not come upon such a thing like this. I’m able to at this point look ahead to my future. Thanks for your time very much for the professional and result oriented guide. I will not think twice to recommend your blog post to anybody who desires assistance on this problem.

  • off white shoes
    Reply

    off white shoes

    I have to express thanks to the writer just for rescuing me from this type of condition. Right after exploring throughout the world wide web and getting tips that were not productive, I was thinking my entire life was gone. Living without the approaches to the issues you’ve fixed by means of your guideline is a crucial case, and ones which may have in a wrong way damaged my entire career if I had not noticed the website. Your own personal capability and kindness in taking care of the whole lot was invaluable. I am not sure what I would have done if I hadn’t encountered such a solution like this. I can at this moment look ahead to my future. Thank you so much for this expert and result oriented help. I won’t think twice to endorse your site to anybody who desires support on this area.

  • goyard bag
    Reply

    goyard bag

    My husband and i have been comfortable when Louis could finish off his researching through your ideas he made out of the web pages. It is now and again perplexing to simply continually be offering ideas that some others could have been selling. And now we realize we need the writer to thank because of that. Those illustrations you made, the simple website menu, the friendships your site give support to foster – it’s got mostly spectacular, and it’s facilitating our son in addition to our family understand that idea is awesome, which is certainly exceptionally indispensable. Many thanks for the whole lot!

  • kyrie 9
    Reply

    kyrie 9

    I not to mention my guys were found to be reading through the excellent ideas found on your web blog and then all of the sudden got an awful suspicion I had not expressed respect to the blog owner for those tips. All the guys are actually as a consequence happy to study all of them and have in effect absolutely been using those things. Thank you for really being very thoughtful and for figuring out certain remarkable subjects most people are really desirous to understand about. My honest apologies for not expressing gratitude to earlier.

  • kobe shoes
    Reply

    kobe shoes

    I wanted to compose you the tiny remark just to thank you very much once again just for the incredible advice you’ve shared on this page. It was shockingly open-handed of people like you to provide easily just what a few people would’ve advertised for an ebook to end up making some money for themselves, most importantly since you might have tried it if you desired. These smart ideas likewise served as the good way to recognize that other people have similar dreams really like my very own to learn whole lot more in respect of this problem. I’m certain there are numerous more fun periods ahead for individuals that looked over your website.

  • yeezy
    Reply

    yeezy

    Thanks so much for providing individuals with an extraordinarily splendid opportunity to read critical reviews from this website. It’s usually very brilliant and stuffed with a good time for me and my office colleagues to visit your web site at the very least three times in 7 days to read through the fresh items you will have. And definitely, I’m also actually motivated with your excellent creative ideas you give. Some 1 ideas in this posting are honestly the very best we’ve ever had.

  • bape hoodie
    Reply

    bape hoodie

    I really wanted to write a quick word so as to thank you for some of the amazing tips and hints you are posting on this website. My prolonged internet research has finally been rewarded with reasonable details to write about with my company. I would assert that most of us website visitors actually are rather blessed to exist in a notable site with so many lovely professionals with interesting points. I feel quite fortunate to have discovered your entire web page and look forward to so many more pleasurable moments reading here. Thanks once more for a lot of things.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Translate »

Sign In

Register

Reset Password

Please enter your username or email address, you will receive a link to create a new password via email.